Historic Walking Areas, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Hotels near The State Museum-Preserve Tauric Chersonese, Hotels near Panorama Museum on the Siege of Sevastopol, Hotels near Sapun Mountain Assault Diorama, Hotels near Chersonesus St.Volodymyr Cathedral, Hotels near Simferopol International Airport (SIP). Within the Russian municipal framework, the territory of the federal city of Sevastopol is divided into nine municipal okrugs and the Town of Inkerman. Our correspondent reports on the increasingly close ties between Syria and the Crimean peninsula. On 29 October 1948, the Presidium of Supreme Council of the Russian SFSR issued a ukase (order) which confirmed the special status of the city. During World War II, Sevastopol withstood intensive bombardment by the Germans in 1941–42, supported by their Italian and Romanian allies during the Battle of Sevastopol. Away in a remote location southeast of Sevastopol is located the former city of Balaklava (since 1957 incorporated within Sevastopol), the bay of which in Soviet times served as a main port for the Soviet diesel-powered submarines. The port came under full Russian control when Eastern Ukraine, under Russian military occup Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Sergei Mokritsky. Omissions?  At the time, many supporters of the president, Boris Yeltsin, had ceased taking part in the Parliament's work. There are hundreds of monuments and plaques in various parts of Sevastopol commemorating its military past. Численность населения Крымского федерального округа, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений", "definition: meaning, pronunciation and origin of the word", "Основание и развитие Севастополя (Osnovaniye i razvitiye Sevastopolya)", "Українське життя в Севастополi Михайло ЛУКІНЮК ОБЕРЕЖНО: МІФИ! It was liberated by the Red Army on 9 May 1944 and was awarded the Hero City title a year later. Due to its military history, most streets in the city are named after Russian and Soviet military heroes. Sevastopol remained the location of the Russian Black Sea Fleet headquarters with the Ukrainian Naval Forces Headquarters also in the city. The port infrastructure is fully integrated with the city of Sevastopol and naval bases of the Russian Navy and the Black Sea Fleet. The Russians chose to sink their entire fleet to prevent it from falling into the hands of the enemy and at the same time to block the entrance of the Western ships into the inlet. In the 6th century BC, a Greek colony was established in the area of the modern-day city.  On 20 July 1993 the United Nations Security Council denounced the decision of the Russia parliament. Siege of Sevastopol, (Oct. 17, 1854–Sept. Sevastopol, Ukrainian Sevastopil, also spelled Sebastopol, city and seaport, Crimea, southern Ukraine, in the southwestern Crimean Peninsula on the southern shore of the long, narrow Akhtiarska Bay, which forms a magnificent natural harbour. Finally, on 29 April (10 May), 1826, the Senate returned the city's name to Sevastopol. Winter brought on severe suffering and heavy casualties among the allied troops, whose commanders had made little or no provision for a winter campaign. Sevastopol is a city rich in sights. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In the 13th and 14th centuries, it was sacked by the Golden Horde several times and was finally totally abandoned. It is not related to the ancient Greek name for the Crimean Peninsula as a whole: Chersonēsos Taurikē ("the Taurian Peninsula"). . Russian SFSR (Soviet Union) 1917–1942 Daily newsletterReceive essential international news every morning, Take international news everywhere with you! (2001) 342,451; (2013 est.) Although relatively small at 864 square kilometres (334 sq mi), Sevastopol's unique naval and maritime features have been the basis for a robust economy. The city has been a home to the Russian Black Sea Fleet, which is why it was considered as a separate city in Crimea of significant military importance and was once operated by the Soviet Union as a closed city. There are over thirty bays in the immediate region. , There are many historical buildings in the central and eastern parts of the city and Balaklava, some of which are architectural monuments. From the main street – Primorsky Boulevard, you can walk to the embankment and the most famous Monument – to Sunken Ships. Russian. She was completed during the winter of 1914–1915, but was not ready for combat until mid-1915. Sevastopol maintains a large port facility in the Bay of Sevastopol and in smaller bays around the Heracles peninsula. Further details may exist on the, Russian Ukrainian Naval Base for Gas treaty, Accession of Crimea to the Russian Federation, Administrative and municipal divisions of Sevastopol, Economics and Humanities Institute (Branch), Crimean Federal University, Sevastopol National University of Nuclear Energy and Industry, "Севастополь перешел на российскую нумерацию", "Таблица 1.3. From October 1854 to September 1855, during the Crimean War (1853–56), the Anglo-French armies laid siege to Sevastopol, which had been strongly fortified. Sevastopol (Russian, Ukrainian: Севастополь; Crimean Tatar: Aqyar, Акъяр)[a] Among many memorials of the town’s stormy history are several monuments devoted to the many defenses of Sevastopol and a vast panorama 377 feet (115 metres) long of the Crimean War siege. For other uses, see. The predictable result was that most residents supported separating from Ukraine and joining Russia. Blue bays with batteries of deadly ships, blooming boulevards with memorials and monuments commemorating the exploits of sailors. Sevastopol Tourism: Tripadvisor has 22,365 reviews of Sevastopol Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Sevastopol resource. , Sevastopol was annexed by Russia in 2014 with the rest of Crimea and since then has been administered as the federal city of Sevastopol.. German forces used railway artillery—including history's largest-ever calibre railway artillery piece in battle, the 80-cm calibre Schwerer Gustav—and specialised mobile heavy mortars to destroy Sevastopol's extremely heavy fortifications, such as the Maxim Gorky Fortresses. Sevastopol has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), due to summer mean straddling 22 °C (72 °F) that is bordering on a four-season oceanic climate, with cool winters and warm to hot summers. Sevastopol Marine Trade Port is a port in Sevastopol. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Siege-of-Sevastopol, FitzRoy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan. For many tourists, Sevastopol (located on Crimea peninsula) is associated with an Ancient Port City. On 18 March 2014, the Kremlin announced that Sevastopol would become the third federal city in the Russian Federation, the two others being Moscow and St. Petersburg.
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