estonian war of independence

estonian war of independence

On 19 June, fighting resumed with an assault of the Iron Division on positions of the Estonian 3rd Division near Limbaži and Straupe, starting the Battle of Cēsis. The Estonian War of Independence (Estonian: Vabadussõda, literally "Freedom War"), also known as the Estonian Liberation War, was a defensive campaign of the Estonian Army and its allies, most notably the White Russian Northwestern Army, Latvia, and the United Kingdom, against the Soviet Western Front offensive and the aggression of the Baltische Landeswehr. [34] Estonia supported the Northwestern Army due to the demands of the Entente. [47] Finland provided 5000 rifles and 20 field guns by 12 December. Estoński War of Independence; Część rosyjskiej wojny domowej: Data: 28 listopada 1918 - 02 lutego 1920 (1 rok, 2 miesiące i 5 dni) Lokalizacja: Estonia, Łotwa, północno-zachodnia Rosja. [32] The Russians then publicly broached the subject of peace talks in a radio broadcast on 27 and 28 April. By the beginning of 1919, the Estonian army had grown to 13,000 troops, with 5,700 on the front facing 8,000 Soviets. [28][29] Ulmanis took refuge aboard the steamship "Saratow" under Entente protection. British naval and air forces arrived in December 1918, after lobbying in London by Estonian politicians. The Estonian high command actively reinforced the 1st Division at Narva during the battles, sending in the headquarters of the 3rd Division. [15] The 120 members of the Constituent Assembly met at the opening session on 23 April, and elected Social Democrat August Rei as chairman. [26] But 3rd Division could not support advance of 2nd division anymore as it was now facing a new enemy: the Baltische Landeswehr. General Tõnisson became commander of the Viru Front. Due simultaneous German-Latvian offensive in Western-Latvia situation was becoming very difficult for the Soviets. A Royal Navy squadron continued to provide artillery support on the coast and also protected the Estonian flank against the Russian Baltic Fleet. Estonian army also remained to support the defence of Latvia against Soviets by defending the front north of Lake Lubāns. In May, the company was disbanded with some volunteers joining other units and the rest returning to Sweden. A subsequent broadcast by the Russians on 21 July led to the British journalist Arthur Ransome sounding out the Commissar for Foreign Relations Georgy Chicherin on the subject of peace talks. Indeed, the victorious Estonian War of Independence (Eesti Vabadussõda) was the key event in establishing the national state and became a basic factor in the population iden-tifying with the new statehood. On 24 February 1918, the Estonian National Council declared independence from Russia, forming the Estonian Provisional Government.

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