Showing how high she was able to rise in La Paz society, she won the adoration of Bolivian President René Barrientos, and even went on holiday with him to Peru.  She further endeared herself to the Cubans by entertaining them in the training camp by playing Argentine folk songs on accordion or guitar. Aleida March Torres (born 19 October 1936) is a Cuban revolutionary who was Ernesto "Che" Guevara's second wife, and a member of Fidel Castro's Cuban army. Hilda Gadea Acosta (21 March 1925 – 11 February 1974) was a Peruvian economist, Communist leader, and author. Gadea remained loyal to Guevara's political movement; she died in Havana in 1974. , In 1960, at the age of 23, Bunke met the Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara.  Guevara wanted her taught self-defence, such as how to use a knife, a submachine gun and a pistol; and how to send and receive telegraph transmissions and coded messages by radio. Gadea Acosta was Secretary of the Economy of the Executive National Committee for Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA, American Popular Revolutionary Alliance). Her marriage with Che Guevara is reported to have happened both on 23 March 1959 and 2 June 1959, after his divorce from Hilda Gadea. Her first mission was to gather intelligence on Bolivia's political elite and the strength of its armed forces. , Without Bunke as the guerrilla's contact to the outside world, the guerrillas then found themselves isolated. United Party of the Cuban Socialist Revolution, This page was last edited on 4 June 2020, at 22:26. She introduced Guevara to several Cuban rebels. , https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hilda_Gadea&oldid=981843835, American Popular Revolutionary Alliance politicians, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 October 2020, at 18:54. Bunke also soon found herself battling a high fever, a leg injury, and the painful effects of the Chigoe flea parasite. Haydée Tamara Bunke Bider (November 19, 1937 – August 31, 1967), better known as Tania or Tania the Guerrilla, was an Argentine-born East German communist revolutionary and spy who played a prominent role in the Cuban government after the Cuban Revolution and in various Latin American revolutionary movements. , Eventually she was selected for training to take part in Che's ill-fated guerrilla expedition to Bolivia entitled "Operation Fantasma". As a result, she participated in work brigades, the militia, and the Cuban Literacy Campaign.  She wrote the memoir My Life With Che.  The courts ruled that the book contained defamatory allegations against Tamara Bunke; namely it repeated Stasi defector Günter Männel's rumor from the 1970s that Bunke and Guevara started an extra-marital affair in 1965 while training together in the Czech capital of Prague. The marriage ended in a divorce in May 1959. , Tactically, she was initially invaluable to Guevara's guerrillas because she used radio equipment hidden in a compartment behind the wall in her apartment to not only send coded messages to Fidel Castro in Havana; but to Guevara's guerrillas in the field by posing as a radiohost giving encoded relationship advice to fictitious lovelorn couples. In this capacity she entertained and translated for the growing stream of visitors from Cuba, following the victory of the 1959 Cuban Revolution. , As a youth Bunke was a keen athlete and an excellent student, who developed a particular fondness for the folk music of South America.  Gabriel San Roman, a writer for Z Magazine, began writing a play about Gadea. However, the local campesino women demanded that, as a woman, she be given a proper Christian burial. She is the author of the book Evocation which is about her falling in love with and marrying Che Guevara, and raising their four children after his death. Remembering Che: My Life with Che Guevara by Aleida March. I remember Che later wrote: 'At the risk of seeming ridiculous, let me say that the true revolutionary is guided by a great feeling of love.  Posing as a right-wing folklore expert of Argentine background, she quickly found herself infiltrating high society and rubbing shoulders with the glitterati of Bolivia's academic and official circles. During her training in Cuba and later at a small farm on the outskirts of Prague, Bunke impressed the Cubans with her intelligence, stamina, and skill for espionage.  , In October 1964, Bunke traveled to Bolivia under the name Laura Gutiérrez Bauer, as a secret agent for Guevara's last campaign.  Guevara was visiting the East German city of Leipzig with a Cuban trade delegation and Bunke, who considered him a hero of hers, was assigned to him as an interpreter. "We had some most enjoyable times within the maelstrom of the war, and those moments brought us all closer together.  In preparation, Guevara assigned Bunke to be trained by Dariel Alarcón Ramírez (known by his nom de guerre Benigno) in Pinar del Río in western Cuba. After the research of biographer Jon Lee Anderson led to the 1997 discovery of Che Guevara's remains, Bunke's remains were also tracked down to an unmarked grave in a small pit on the periphery of the Vallegrande army base on October 13, 1998. In the 2008 biopic Che, she was portrayed by Catalina Sandino Moreno, while in the 2005 biopic Che Guevara, she was portrayed by Paula Garcés.  Tania was waist-deep in the water, with her rifle held above her head, when she was shot through the arm and the lung and killed along with eight of her fellow insurgents in quick succession. Some years had to pass before I learnt what Che had thought of our first encounter. Ernesto "Che" Guevara (Spanish: [ˈtʃe ɣeˈβaɾa]; 14 June 1928 – 9 October 1967) was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat, and military theorist.A major figure of the Cuban Revolution, his stylized visage has become a ubiquitous countercultural symbol of rebellion and global insignia in popular culture. Aleida March was an active combatant in Che Guevara's Lightning Campaign in December 1958.  Her father Erich had joined the Communist Party of Germany in 1928 and fled with his wife to Argentina when the Nazis came to power in 1933. It is impossible to think of a genuine revolutionary lacking this quality.'". , Bunke thrived in her new environment and began studying political science at Humboldt University in East Berlin.  Her activities in Peru led to her exile in 1948. She first met Guevara in Guatemala in December 1953. PURSC. As a result, her cover was blown, and she now had no other choice than to join Guevara's armed guerrilla campaign.  Later, when Fidel Castro learned of her demise, he declared "Tania the guerrilla" a hero of the Cuban Revolution.. In this capacity she was in charge of rationing food and monitoring radio broadcasts. Aleida March Torres (born 19 October 1936) is a Cuban revolutionary who was Ernesto "Che" Guevara's second wife, and a member of Fidel Castro's Cuban army. In 1960, at the age of 23, Bunke met the Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara.  Her body was then carried downstream and only recovered by the Bolivian army several days later on September 6. , In 1997 amidst unproven rumors and claims that Tamara worked for the KGB or East German Stasi, her 85-year-old mother Nadia Bunke travelled to Moscow to obtain a written statement from the successors to the KGB declaring that Bunke never worked for them. She was present at the battle for Las Villas in which Column 8 of the 26th of July Movement was ordered by Fidel Castro to paralyze the occupying military forces of President Fulgencio Batista in the province. Since the time of her death there have been various conflicting rumors or allegations that she worked for the Soviet KGB and/or the East German Stasi; along with the claim that she and Che Guevara were lovers while in Bolivia, and that she may have even been carrying his child when she was killed; this was finally refuted in 2017 by Dr. Abraham Baptista, who was in charge of the autopsy of both Ché and Tamara Bunke. , Haydée Tamara Bunke Bider: the woman who died with Che Guevara, Mother Fights Che Film Over 'Lover' Claims, "Bunke, Tamara (1937–1967) | Encyclopedia.com", Members of Che Guevara's Guerrilla Movement in Bolivia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tamara_Bunke&oldid=963627912, Socialist Unity Party of Germany politicians, Argentine people of German-Jewish descent, Argentine people of Polish-Jewish descent, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tania Bunke also appears intermittently in the first part of, Before unification, Bunke was a folk legend in, A character known as Tania Vunke appears in Chuck Pfarrers novel, A fictionalized version of Bunke appears in the, This page was last edited on 20 June 2020, at 21:48.